The Arab awakening: the story of the Arab national movement. by Antonius, George. Publication date Topics Middle East — History. ANTONIUS, GEORGE. The Arab Awakening: A History of the Arab National Movement. Pp. xi, New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, $ Show all. Mr. Antonius, Christian Arab and former government official in Palestine, has written the first comprehensive history of the Pan Arab by George Antonius.

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The Arab Awakening: The Story of the Arab National Movement

Return to Book Page. This remarkable book on a awakeninb and controversial subject is widely regarded as the best full account of the rise of the Arab national movement. After several years of travel and research in all parts of the Arab world, the author managed to gain access to all the relevant material necessary to the writing of a book awakeninh as this – much of the material having been unavail This remarkable book on a complex and controversial subject is widely regarded as the best full account of the rise of the Arab national movement.

After several years of travel and research in all parts of the Arab world, the author managed to gain access to all the relevant material necessary to the writing of a book such as this – much of the material having been unavailable to other writers on the subject. The fruits of Mr. Goerge research have been embodied in this unique story of the origins and development of the georte movement from its earliest beginnings in the nineteenth century down to the post-World War I era.

The Arab Awakening: The Story of the Arab National Movement by George Antonius

In addition to the narrative account and assessments of military and political leaders, including Lawrence of Arabia, the book contains a set of documents of fundamental importance to the history of the Arab revival.

Paperbackpages. Published December 1st by Simon Publications first published To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Arab Awakeningplease sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Oct 30, Paul rated it really liked it Shelves: Its temporal proximity to early developments in the movement gave the author access to individuals who had been part of organizations in the 19th century and thus his work captures stories that might have otherwise been lost, such as that of the secret Arab nationalist society of Additionally, writing prior to World War II, he provides a perspective that has only just begun to be jaded by the ongoing Palestinian crisis.

Perhaps most importantly, however, his work, and the conclusion in particular, is designed to voice a strong support for the Arabs of Palestine and advance an academic argument for a now-untenable one state solution. In all of these ways, Antonius has influenced generations of scholars, and that alone makes this text worth reading. He places the birth of this movement in the hands of Muhammad Ali, whose expulsion of the Emirate of Diriyah the first Saudi state from the Holy Lands and governorship of Syria puts him in a good position to form an Arab empire.

The story then follows Arab nationalism through French and American missionaries and the development of several important societies, beginning in The movement is traced through Sharif Husain of Mecca and his sons, Abdullah and Faisal, all of whom work towards the goal of an autonomous Arab state by joining the British effort against the Ottoman Empire during World War I in exchange for a British pledge xrab an Arab state. The final third grorge post-war developments and how the Arabs were denied many, if not most, of their demands and the promises that had been made to them prior to the conflict.


He concludes with a focus on the Palestinian problem and advances a detailed, academic argument for a one state solution. From a scholarly perspective, whether or not Muhammad Ali can be tied to the birth of the Arab nationalist movement has certainly been questioned. From a literary perspective, I found the excessive detail in the middle section, concerning World War I, unnecessary.

By the end, one gets more of a feeling that the theme of the work is the defeat of the Arab awakening, not the awakening itself. The narrative collapses midway and never gets back on its feet to tie itself back to the first third. Overall, this book is certainly worth reading, for the reasons mentioned above, awakkening it must be reviewed with a critical eye and you may find yourself skimming through the middle third of the text.

Jul 27, Raed Al-bloushy rated it it was amazing. I was walking through my local library and I picked it up out of curiosity and the first thing that attracted me to this book was the opening note. This arqb talks about all of the history of the arabs or what is now the middle east xwakening the time of the ottman empire till What makes this book special to me is mainly two things, the fact that it has a pre world war 2 perspective and the effort and research the author put into making it.

I think reading this book will give a huge insight about how many of the issues in the middle east started and how somehow the middle east shaped to be what it is now. I aqakening recommend any person to read this book.

georrge Jan 31, Matt rated it it raab amazing Shelves: A sweeping and remarkable account of Arab wwakening up aeabwhen the work was first published. And the third section deals with the aftermath of the World War as it pertained to the destinies of the eastern half of the Arab world — the Arabian Peninsula and the Fertile Crescent.

It is not a neutral work, and it wrab not pretend to be so: And in telling that story, Antonius does not place himself as a disinterested observer but as an insider and an advocate. He is well-placed to offer insights from sources not available to other English-speaking explorers of the topic, and does so with a kind of journalistic zeal. He is nonetheless a gifted writer and a careful scholar, which makes his advocacy on behalf of the ordinary Arab, particularly the ordinary Arab living in Syria or Palestine, that much more pointed and potent.

Antonius is not without critique of his own countrymen. He shows, with love but not without a bit of chagrin, the dual tendencies of the early Arab activists to lethargy and dormancy on the one hand, and swift, inspired action on the other.

It was a testament to their discipline that despite arbitrary arrests and torture employed by the Turkish secret police, their existence remained hidden from the Turks until after the World War. Even as Antonius acknowledges the failures of al-Husayn and Faysal to successfully advocate for the Arab cause to the Allies or to fight effectively for it themselves, his portrayal of angonius is nonetheless deeply sympathetic, rendering them as tragic victims of their own honest and trusting natures.

In his awaekning was forced by the paranoid actions of Ahmed Jamal Pasha. Not only did this force the Ottomans to turn their attention inward and take the pressure off of British troops who were fighting in North Africa, but even more importantly from a strategic standpoint, the Arab Revolt effectively thwarted German communications with the colonies through Ottoman territory.

In the two years to come, Ottoman resources would be drained and its manpower sapped trying to put down revolts throughout Iraq, Syria, Palestine and the Arabian Peninsula. However, for all the debts of gratitude owed by the Allies awalening particularly Britain — to the leaders of the Arab Revolt and their supporters among the populace, their actions in the wake of the war fell stunningly short of fitting.


Instead, the Sykes-Picot Agreement, made by the European Allies completely over the heads of the Arab people, was geodge at essentially turning the Arab lands into a new colonialist frontier between Britain and France. Antonius here describes the various situations on the Peninsula, in Iraq, in Syria and in Palestine.

The Arab awakening : the story of the Arab national movement

It is at the very end, though, that the sympathies of the author are the most directly and the most viscerally engaged. Though one can hardly accuse Antonius of being a romantic — his treatment of even historical figures he admires being unfailingly multifaceted, attempting sober, realistic and objective assessments — it is here that his history turns from a story of the movement into a thundering, apocalyptic prophecy and a antoniud plea.

And that plea for Palestine is — in the finest tradition of antonis Russian educated class as, even anronius he wasn’t personally the beneficiary of a Russian education, many of his Orthodox Christian Arab elite peers were — motivated almost wholly by narodnichestvo. He takes it upon himself to speak to English-speaking audiences on behalf of the politically-voiceless Levantine peasant, attached firmly to his land and to his neighbours by inexpressibly-profound bonds of love, and oppressed not only by British and French mandatory maladministration, not only by Zionist settlement, but also by the shortsightedness and greed of the Arab landowning class and traditional tribal elites.

Many of the predictive and admonitory aspects of the work — particularly those pertaining to Iraq and Palestine — have indeed come to pass. There are, indeed, weaker passages: But in the broad strokes, this is still an extraordinary book and well worth the time taken to read it. Oct 10, Christopher Saunders rated it it was amazing. Classic account of the early days of Arab nationalism: For an Arab writer Antonius is admirably fair-minded, treating British and Zionist positions with respect, though he’s liable to play down more disreputable Arab actions.

Some of his analyses are naive claiming Ibn Saud is a moderating force! Essential reading for those interested in the Middle East. Aug geprge, Andrew rated it it was amazing Shelves: The last chapter on post-war Syria-Iraq-Palestine is worth the price of the book alone.

Dec 28, Spencer rated it liked it. This book is more interesting as a historical document than as a book about history. Antonius is writing from within the historical dynamics that he attempts to describe. You can decide for yourself if that discredits his work or makes it more valuable.

Jan 17, Brenden marked it as to-read. Mar 11, Corey Rowe rated it it was amazing. Jad Bawab rated it really liked it Apr 04, Yesha rated it really liked it Nov 17, Lana rated it really liked it Apr 21, Adi Greif rated it really liked it Jun 03, Robert Miner rated it it was amazing Nov 04, Musa rated it awakenong it Jun 12, Bsam rated it liked it Mar 01, Perla Aouad rated it really liked it Apr 20, Antonuus Khatib rated it really liked it Jan 05, Muhammad A rated it it was ok Apr 08, Alex Payne rated it liked it Feb 15, Bender rated it liked it Dec 31, Mohammed Alattas rated it really liked it Feb 26, Awajening rated it it was amazing Oct 27, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

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